The Boreal Chickadee from Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Chickadees are named after their distinctive “chick-a-dee” vocalizing. Like most year-round northern birds, they brave the winter in their bare uninsulated legs and feet. Their toes remain flexible and functional in all temperatures. Boreal chickadees live in boreal forests throughout Canada. We’ve come across several in southern Ontario. Some can breed even in the distant Yukon and Northwest Territories. Flocks break apart when Spring arrives and pairs occupy breeding territories. Females lay clutches of 5-7 eggs, but some have managed a maximum of 13. When the climate is warmer parents feed the nestlings with caterpillars and insects.  <Information and photo from Thunder Bay Field Naturalists>